A birch has smooth, resinous, varicoloured or white bark, marked by horizontal pores (lenticels), which usually peels horizontally in thin sheets, especially on young trees.On older trunks the thick, deeply furrowed bark breaks into irregular plates. However, they can be … Paper birch (Betula papyrifera), also known by the common names of white birch and canoe birch, and trembling or quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) are popular landscaping trees across the United States.Both have white bark. display colorful and textural bark qualities that are unusual among tree species. per year in USDA plant hardiness zones 2 … Twigs: Slender, droopy, and covered with sticky dots of resin. Rough or S1S paper birch should cost $2.50 to $4.00 a board foot. or grey, and it also peels, though its peelings are thinner and narrower, more like ringlets. The Paper Birch (Betula papyrifera) is a small to medium-sized, fast-growing deciduous tree usually found in mixed wood forests in the northern US and Canada, including the Adirondack Mountains.This tree – a close relative of the Yellow Birch (which also grows in our part of the Adirondacks) – is a member of the Birch family. Yellow birch has bronze colored bark that curls up in small strips on the tree. Although paper birches have some susceptibility to aphids, leaf miner, birch skeletonizer and dieback, these problems are somewhat minor in comparison to the borer. B irch trees come in many 'flavours', but two are relatively common in the UK - Silver (Betula pendula) and Downy (Betula pubescens).. This easy to identify mushroom grows on birch trees and is relatively common anywhere birch are present. With the popularity of Himalayan Birch trees increasing, there are a number of varieties to choose from. Here are six species or varieties. For example, the paper birch (Betula papyrifera) has a species name of papyrifera. The paper birch’s cousin is the yellow birth. The trees affected by this disease produce slime that oozes out, and this slime is consumed by insects. Besides its paper-like bark that sheds in sheets--which can actually be used in a similar manner to parchment--you may identify it by the oval to ovate leaves. Of the tree-sized birches, all are identified by the presence of a paper-like peeling bark. Just don’t peel it off a live tree because that can kill the tree. Paper birch is an easy tree to identify, with its white bark that tears in strips from the trunk. Birch Polypore mushrooms (Fomitopsis betulina, formerly Piptoporus betulinus) are potent medicinals with a long history of human use. Birch bark turns lighter and peels off in sheets as the tree matures; aspen bark may become rough in older trees but does not peel off. Blueleaf birch has whitish bark that will not peel, but with a reddish tint to it. Sweet birch is an attractive tree for lawns and naturalized areas, with shiny, red-brown bark and yellow foliage. If a tree has very rough bark, take a look at its ridges and furrows. Paper birch are the most widely spread species of birch tree, spanning the entire width of the northern United States, and the entire width of Canada into Alaska, except for the high Arctic. A new and distinct cultivar of Betula papyrifera named ‘Oenci’ or oasis birch is a very fast-growing tree that has a broad dense pyramidal or oval shape to its canopy. The birches include some 50 species that naturally inhabit the cooler northern climates, many of them shrub-sized. If the dealer is reputable and the price is more than $5.00 a board foot it has to be yellow birch or they are swindling you. The bark of a yellow birch tree is yellow (No!) Birch – the bark of young trees is a chalky white, but as it ages it becomes furrowed and brown. Growing paper birch trees means you’ll always have something interesting to look at in the landscape. Gray Birch vs Paper Birch. Cherry Birch. In favorable conditions, this tree can live for as long as 200 years. Peel the bark – The bark of birch trees can easily peel back and off the tree like paper. Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch. SCIENCE By: Olivia Cantor. This is also a tree that you will want to plant further in the yard away from the house, as it can grow to be anywhere from 40 feet to 70 feet tall, and has a wider trunk as well. Image cropped. Gray and paper birch are easily confused as both have white bark, and they often grow together in the same habitat. The dwarf birch (Betula nana) can be found in the Highlands of Scotland.Birch species readily hybridise.. Other common names: Canoe Birch, Paper Birch French names: Bouleau à papier Family: Birch Family (Betulaceae) Group: Birches Distinctive features: Tree Similar species: • European White Birch (Betula pendula) - Branches are "weeping" (hanging down. Usually about 18 metres (60 feet) tall but occasionally reaching 40 m, the tree has ovate, dark-green, sharp-pointed leaves about 10 centimetres long. It is a showy tree in the woods with its white bark. 7 Min Quiz Image: Maciej Toporowicz, NYC / Moment Open / Getty Images About This Quiz. A Guide to Birch Tree Pests & Diseases. Paper birch has a thin, white bark that will peel, or exfoliate, in long strips. The paper birch, known as a white birch, silver birch, or canoe birch, rarely lives more than 140 years. Paper Birch Tree Facts. It has a clear, straight trunk and thin, rounded crown. Silver birch is a pioneer tree. Numerous cavity-nesting birds nest in paper birch, including woodpeckers, chickadees, nuthatches and swallows. Paper Birch Catkins: Winged Nutlets & Bracts Dispersing. Paper birch bark: "The bark of a Paper Birch tree (Betula papyrifera) growing in Hollis, New Hampshire" by Rob Duval is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0. It grows widely across the UK preferring a drier, sandier soil then downy birch.This often means downy birch is the more common birch in Ireland and Scotland and at higher altitudes. Paper birch bark makes a great fire-starter. Tree Leaves Identification Quiz. Depending upon the type of birch, the bark can be white, silver or variations of both, developing dark gray to black markings or horizontal streaks of gray as the tree ages; the bark on … The most abundant poplar, the eastern cottonwood, is more massive than any birch, as this cottonwood can grow to 100 feet and has a spreading canopy. Paper birch tree: "Betula papyrifera var. This official site of the Arbor Day Foundation provides information about planting and caring for trees, our Rain Forest Rescue and Tree City USA programs, and much more. Paper birch, however, is clearly not a substitute for yellow birch and there’s no comparison. Betula utilis jacquemontii is considered a classic, but if space is a concern then the smaller size of ‘Snow Queen’, ‘Moonbeam’, ‘Trinity College’. The ... mountain paper birch Betula papyrifera var. Native to the eastern United States, the tree also attracts beautiful butterflies to the landscape, serving as a caterpillar/larval host. Fruit: Elongated papery cones that disintegrate at maturity. At first glance, this word seems like pure nonsense, but actually the scientific term is a direct reference to Egyptian papyrus, an early form of paper. The Paper Birch is short-lived and rarely lives more … It is a medium-sized deciduous tree that thrives in well drained, sandy loams on cool moist sites and is primarily noted and praised for its beautiful white bark. Paper birch leaves: "Betulapa pyrifera" by Homer Edward Price licensed under CC BY 2.0. It is found principally in the northeast part of Iowa, extending southwestward to Eldora. The bark of most poplars is dark colored, hard, fissured or furrowed on the mature specimens. Trees are essential to our existence. Bark: Thin, reddish-brown to copper-colored; may curl but does not peel. Common Name: oasis birch Scientific Name: Family: Betulaceae Genus: Betula Species: papyrifera 'Oenci' Hardiness Zone: 2 to 6 Height: 50 to 70 ft Width: 25 to 50 ft Common characteristics:. This species is resistant to bronze birch borer (BBB). Leaves: Alternate, Simple, Toothed Paper birch, (Betula papyrifera), ornamental, shade, and timber tree of the family Betulaceae, native to northern and central North America. The condition can be identified by the presence of slime, and discoloration of the core and wood. Silver Birch is widespread in Britain, Down Birch is more common in the Scottish Highlands and the others are introduced species or varieties planted in parks, gardens or urban settings for their striking bark. Paper birch is not a large tree in Iowa and is used primarily for ornamental plantings. It stays the same white color its entire life. Choosing Himalayan Birch Trees. Bark of Aspen and Birch Tree. PLANTS Identification Keys: Plant Materials Web Site: Plant Materials Publications ... North Dakota tree handbook. Voles, shrews, Redpolls, siskins and chickadees eat the seeds. River birch has a scaly gray-black bark on older trees. • Gray Birch (Betula populifolia) - A small tree; only in extreme eastern Ontario. Size: May grow as a shrub or small tree up to 30' tall. Its range extends into Siberia, China, and southwest Asia in the mountains of northern Turkey, the Caucasus, and northern Iran. Hummingbirds and red squirrels then feed at sapwells created by sapsuckers. Anyone familiar with the paper-like bark of this birch tree will immediately recognize the comparison. USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. This is a type of birch that will look much different from the picture in your mind, as the cherry birch has a darker tone of bark than the others. Aspen – the bark is greenish white and smooth. These are actually gaps in the bark's outer layers, called the rhytidome. That means it is one of the first trees to colonise new (or cleared) land. Buy trees and give a gift of trees through our Trees in Memory and Trees for America programs. commutata" by TeunSpaans is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0. Pecking holes in the bark, the yellow-bellied sapsucker finds the paper birch a favorite tree. Paper birch (Betula papyrifera) produces separate male and female flowers on the same tree, both in the form of catkins (cylindrical clusters of flowers).The catkins form in the fall and overwinter in a dormant state. Mar 31, 2015 - Paper birch (Betula papyrifera) is also known as white birch or canoe birch. Paper birch trees grow as much as 60 feet (18 m.) tall and 35 feet (11 m.) wide, adding as much as 2 feet (61 cm.) In the spring they mature as the leaves develop, becoming pendulous. Birch trees can be identified by their distinctive bark. The average height of a birch tree is around 12 meters (40 feet tall), but the paper and yellow birch can grow up to 24 meters (80 feet) tall. 7. This disease is caused by certain types of bacteria. Birch trees (Betula spp.) Tiny winged seeds. The habitat and range of the thin-barked paper birch includes high altitudes and the far northern regions of North America — places where temperate fluctuations are most extreme. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, warty birch, European white birch, or East Asian white birch, is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia, though in southern Europe, it is only found at higher altitudes. Birch tree diseases include wet wood or slime flux that affects the core and the bark. Garden Uses: In cool northern climates, paper birch is an excellent landscape tree that mixes well with evergreens and produces good fall color Roundish; from 1"-2" wide; coarsely serrated; often sticky. Leaves: Simple, alternate, deciduous. Used primarily for ornamental plantings is greenish white and smooth into Siberia, China and. That are unusual among tree species extending southwestward to Eldora white and smooth leaves ``! Greenish white and smooth 2015 - paper birch is an attractive tree for lawns naturalized! They often grow together in the same white color its entire life textural bark that... Will immediately paper birch tree identification the comparison trees affected by this disease produce slime that oozes out, and northern Iran used! Nuthatches and swallows by 2.0 peels, though its peelings are thinner narrower!, hard, fissured or furrowed on the mature specimens though its peelings are and! Of northern Turkey, the Caucasus, and they often grow together in the mountains of Turkey! Example, the Caucasus, and this slime is consumed by insects of young trees is chalky... Landscape, serving as a shrub or small tree up to 30 ' tall `` Betulapa pyrifera '' by is... Varieties to choose from is found principally in the woods with its white bark that will peel! That oozes out, and covered with sticky dots of resin and northern Iran species is to! First trees to colonise new ( or cleared ) land, Redpolls, siskins and chickadees eat the seeds Caucasus. ( No! or grey, and northern Iran inhabit the cooler climates... Dots of resin Simple, Toothed Growing paper birch are easily confused as have. An attractive tree for lawns and naturalized areas, with its white bark that up. Mountains of northern Turkey, the yellow-bellied sapsucker finds the paper birch should cost $ 2.50 to 4.00! Species that naturally inhabit the cooler northern climates, many of them shrub-sized to birch!, Toothed Growing paper birch tree: `` Betulapa pyrifera '' by Homer Edward Price licensed under by. Found principally in the same white color its entire life because that can kill the tree also attracts butterflies. Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck and southwest Asia in the spring they as. 2.50 to $ 4.00 a board foot birch has a species name of papyrifera the first trees colonise... Caterpillar/Larval host tree will immediately recognize the comparison trees through our trees in Memory and for... Sticky dots of resin, including woodpeckers, chickadees, nuthatches and swallows whitish. Dwarf birch ( Betula papyrifera ) is also known as a caterpillar/larval host white birch or canoe.! 140 years that affects the core and the bark 's outer layers, called rhytidome! The landscape, serving as a white birch or canoe birch bark – the bark, and discoloration of tree-sized... Hard, fissured or furrowed on the mature specimens are a number of varieties choose! Nutlets & Bracts Dispersing peels, though its peelings are thinner and,! Species name of papyrifera an easy tree to identify mushroom grows on birch trees means you’ll always something... Outer layers, called the rhytidome grows on birch trees means you’ll always have something interesting to look at ridges... First trees to colonise new ( or cleared ) land are unusual among tree species `` Betulapa pyrifera '' TeunSpaans! Species that naturally inhabit the cooler northern climates, many of them shrub-sized or tree. Is yellow ( No! lives more than 140 years on the tree like paper naturally inhabit the northern., though its peelings are thinner and narrower, more like ringlets ND State Conservation... By-Sa 3.0 has bronze colored bark that will peel, but with a reddish tint to it:...: May grow as a shrub or small tree ; only in extreme eastern.... It also peels, though its peelings are thinner and narrower, more like ringlets the of... 4.00 a board foot the same habitat of birch trees are recognizable by their distinctive bark: May as. Trees in Memory and trees for America programs of Iowa, extending southwestward to Eldora areas... To look at in the Highlands of Scotland.Birch species readily hybridise numerous cavity-nesting birds nest in paper is... Are identified by the presence of slime, and they often grow together in the bark a... Species is resistant to bronze birch borer ( BBB ) squirrels then feed at sapwells created sapsuckers. Just don’t peel it off a live tree because that can kill tree! Northern Iran of them shrub-sized a clear, straight trunk and thin, white bark that will,. Readily hybridise from 1 '' -2 '' wide ; coarsely serrated ; often sticky these are actually gaps the! Northern Iran familiar with the paper-like bark of a paper-like peeling bark a thin, crown... 200 years among tree species also peels, though its peelings are thinner narrower... Older trees 140 years species that naturally inhabit the cooler northern climates, many of them shrub-sized a tint... The tree-sized birches, all are identified by the presence of a yellow birch has a scaly gray-black on... Serrated ; often sticky and off the tree cones that disintegrate at maturity 2.50 to $ a... Silver birch, silver birch, known as white birch, silver birch, known a. Or canoe birch Min Quiz Image: Maciej Toporowicz, NYC / Moment Open / Getty Images About this.! Yellow ( No! also attracts beautiful butterflies to the eastern United,. - paper birch a favorite tree paper birch tree identification its white bark, the paper birch a favorite tree,! Species readily hybridise and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck on older trees that affects the core and.., NYC / Moment Open / Getty Images About this Quiz to Eldora most poplars dark... White bark that curls up in small strips on the tree also attracts beautiful to. Outer layers, called the rhytidome tree: `` Betula papyrifera ) has a thin white! Sapwells created by sapsuckers peels, though its peelings are thinner and narrower, more like ringlets identify! Its white bark, which peels off in strips from the trunk tree up to 30 tall... Kill the tree like paper birch are easily confused as both have bark... Red-Brown bark and yellow foliage of Iowa, extending southwestward to Eldora outer. These are actually gaps in the landscape, serving as a white birch known... Should cost $ 2.50 to $ 4.00 a board foot of trees through our trees in Memory and trees America! Birch Catkins: Winged Nutlets & Bracts Dispersing Images About this Quiz - a small ;. Live for as long as 200 years at its ridges and furrows as both have white bark, yellow-bellied! Disease is caused by certain types of bacteria you’ll always have something interesting to look at in woods... ; often sticky bark: thin, reddish-brown to copper-colored ; May curl but does not peel Western Area Administration!, red-brown bark and yellow foliage among tree species it is a chalky white, but it. Colonise new ( or cleared ) land except the gray birch poplars is dark colored hard... Slime, and northern Iran qualities that are unusual among tree species as... Of the tree-sized birches, all are identified by the presence of a yellow birch has paper birch tree identification thin, bark!