In nature, goats would have a hard time finding a mix of oats, corn, soybeans and sweet molasses. If a good range isn't available, dry grass hay of a horse quality is acceptable. Our goats also pick at the hay but we feel it is better to pay more for the alfalfa or pellets than buy oat hay they don't eat. Even though I have written about feeding alfalfa pellets to goats, I still get a lot of questions about exactly how pellets are different than cubes or hay and how they should be used as part of a goat’s diet, as well as other livestock.. Can alfalfa pellets or cubes totally replace hay? Hay is used as animal fodder, meaning feed for large livestock animals. This year we have triticale up and growing it supposedly doesn't have fly problems that early wheat can get. Even with pellets at $190 a ton versus alfalfa hay at $85, one look at the amount we waste makes me think it will work out. Oat hay is high in fiber and the oats are already included in the feeding. You can also buy a goat feeder trough for the goats. Even though I have written about feeding alfalfa pellets to goats, I still get a lot of questions about exactly how pellets are different than cubes or hay and how they should be used as part of a goat’s diet, as well as other livestock.. Can alfalfa pellets or cubes totally replace hay? Oats and peas can be planted as a nurse crop for alfalfa or other hay … . In addition to feeding oats as a grain ration, oat hay can make a good forage for horses. Sprouted or hydroponic you need to pay attention to condition closely. It is a very nice sort of hay, and is quite a bit like Alfalfa hay except it is more nutritionally balanced and it is grass hay- not legume hay. We do use the straw for bedding though. So, why feed hay to goats? Goats on pasture should not need hay. Oats are a cereal grain typically grown in the northern United States. Wet grain must be thrown out, but wet bales of hay can be broken and aired out until thoroughly dry, then used as goat feed . If the nitrate levels are ok, I'd buy a bale or two and see if they eat it. My daughter is raising more sheep for 4h next year but i need to get some hay now being so late in the year i am having a hard time finding it but found someone with oat hay, we've only ever fed alfalfa, so will they eat oat hay? Grass hay is a good source of food because it includes a moderate amount of proteins. But, in the same respect, dogs were never really meant to eat kibble. Cheryl K. Smith has raised a small herd of dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. Has any one ever used oat hay for goats? Oaten chaff is widely used in horse and stud cattle rations and on occasion feedlot rations, although it usually becomes cost prohibitive to include in feedlot rations. or should i just keep looking for alfalfa, she also feeds them the show lamb grain mix, so will it be to much oat? Additional vitamin A reduces the toxic effects of nitrates in poultry. Oat Hay Sudan Hay Calcium (%) 0.42 0.81 Phosphorus (%) 0.18 0.33 Potassium (%) 1.95 2.82 ... My goats have coastal in their pastures, but they won't eat coastal hay. If near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is used, ensure that the laboratory has calibrated its equipment for your specific feed; otherwise, the analysis will not provid… You must log in or register to reply here. Oat hay is a type of grass hay, and really it is just grain oats+the stems that they were on before they were removed. I also feed alfalfa which gives them protein for milk production, and absorbable calcium to balance the phosphorus excess in the oats. Goats raised for meat need high quality feed in most situations and require an optimum balance of many different nutrients to achieve maximum profit potential. This will include cattle, horses, goats, llamas, alpacas, and sheep. The risk of prussic acid/cyanide toxicity may be decreased by feeding commercially-prepared sack goat feed before animals are turned out to graze. It should be available ad lib at all times of the year. If you are wondering what to feed baby goats, for the first month or two the little ones will mostly rely on milk and water. Feed your goats mold free qualified grasses based hay. The risk of prussic acid/cyanide toxicity may be decreased by feeding commercially-prepared sack goat feed before animals are turned out to graze. I have fed oats hay before and always had a tremendous amount of waste. Bought some triticale hay two years ago, and the goats loved it (as did the flies, they seemed to flock to those bales). For making a nutritious winter feed for your goats, you can cut ryegrass for hay and mix with red clover or other grasses. However, in this area, we harvest hay in July through September and it has to last us until next July. Ask the farmer if he had a nitrate test done, or ask if he can do one or you can pay for it to be done. The Best Hay for Meat Goats. But you can feed your goats timothy if alfalfa is not available. Yes, oats can be used as a feed for beef cattle. Hay is the main source of nutrients for goats in non-grazing seasons, or all the time if they don’t have access to browse. It is also used for smaller animals such as rabbits. We do use the straw for bedding though. The goat hay feeder’s dimensions are 11 x 11 x 11 inches, and it’s specially designed for sheep and goats, storing a really good amount of hay. Baleage can be fed like hay, but needs to be used within about five days after unwrapping the bale (three to four days in warm weather and six to seven days in winter) in order to prevent spoilage. . Usually a pygmy goat will require about ¼ cup of grain daily. I've only fed Oat Hay to Cows.I would think you would be better with a Legume Hay.I couldn't find any around here,found some Grass hay with lots of weeds in it Goats love it just fine. The fermentation process also adds more nutrients, minerals, and energy to their food. Oat grass. Alfalfa is the gold standard. But, in the same respect, dogs were never really meant to eat ... and so is an extremely important part of a goat s diet. Hay is the main source of nutrients for goats apart from their range. We raise the bulls on triticale. Oats and peas can be planted as a nurse crop for alfalfa or other hay seedings, or grown alone. Oat grass. It adds good bacteria to the hay which makes it easier for the goats to digest. Grass hay, such as timothy, orchard, brome, and bluegrass, is a suitable maintenance hay for goats. Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana) makes good roughage for goats. The goats only picked through it and left most of it to become litter. The leaf-to-stem ratio is the most important criteria. I think I will try the oat hay,I just didnt want to cause any problems.I know what you mean about the oat straw my goats eat the bedding when we put in the barn.This is before it reaches straw stage,I buy my hay from a cattle man that says this field is his junk field.The goats love it, so they cut this field for me every year in square bales.The oat hay is only amile away,my usual is 30 miles away. The rest of the year my goats would be eating straw. We've always fed Sudan hay, goats will nearly always choose it over coastal. Suite 500, Troy, Michigan 48084 USA. I also feed the alfalfa to our rabbits so will the oats be ok for them to eat also? I have given them only oats a few times and they devour them. If hay feeding is warranted, forage availability is limiting, stocking rate is too high and a reduction in the number of goats is probably in order. Hay is the main source of nutrients for animals such as goats, especially in non-grazing seasons. Yes, all my goats get are whole, dry oats and some fat source (I've been feeding rice bran for a while, used to feed BOSS). Producers must know the energy, protein and major mineral levels of these feeds to develop balanced, least-cost diets for livestock. You can also feed your goats weedy hay because it is very cheap and contain a large amount of necessary nutrition. Small grain hays (wheat, oats) can be good if harvested before the plant begins to make a seedhead. The goats have gotten a taste of the oats and now pretty much pick the oats out of the goat chow and leave the pellets. Good hay is the most important part of any goats diet. If feeding non-afalfa or non-legume hay, other supplementation will be neccessary. In cattle saw uric acid poisoning and was able to steer small ranchers/farmers into using more hay. . We have used oat hay for years. Cereal grain hays have a small risk of nitrate poisoning if they’re harvested after a growth spurt following a drought period, so consider getting the hay tested for nitrate content if you’re concerned. Although your goats may not find it as tasty as other grasses. A regular diet of pygmy goats must include protein enriched foods such as grains, fresh greens and oats. i dont want to but it if they wont eat it, or get bloat. Legumes can have as much as twice the protein and three times the calcium of grass hays, so they are the preferred hay for goat kids and lactating does. If it was me, I would look for alfalfa hay. Oat grass is a common forage in the Western United States. They also massage the esophagus, oxygenate the blood, strengthen tendons and ligaments, and they are high in silica and fiber. Oat Hay Our Oat Hay is cut at exactly the right time, when the oat seed is out of the milk stage and into the dough. Works pretty well. I would kill for their big bales of oat hay. Common varieties of legume hay for goats are alfalfa, clover, lespedeza, and birdsfoot trefoil. She published Ruminations: The Nigerian Dwarf and Mini Dairy Goat magazine and Goat Health Care. Be prepared for hay waste -- goats like to eat some parts of the hay and let the rest drop out of their mouths. Mature goats do very well on a grass-legume mix and some grass hays, but generally do not eat coarse grass hay; having small mouths, goats do not like it. Oat and forage pea mixtures can provide a good quality and good yielding forage option for livestock and dairy producers. Oats are a palatable feedstuff and may be safely included at high levels in the grain ration. … Jan in Co. A forum community dedicated to living sustainably and self sufficiently. Whole oats help break down the sharp points on horses teeth. Timothy grass is a good alternative of alfalfa. Oaten chaff is the chaffed stubble or hay portion of an oat crop. Rumen micro-organisms require readily available carbohydrate, ammonia and minerals. In addition to hay and pasture, productive animals like pregnant or milking does and stud bucks require a healthy dose of concentrates. Grass hay provides a moderate amount of protein and energy for the goat diet. In this region, oats are dry-farmed for use as a cattle and horse feed. When I can’t find enough good quality green hay, I supplement my goats, sheep, and pigs with hay pellets. If the nitrate levels are ok, I'd buy a bale or two and see if they eat it. If hay feeding is warranted, forage availability is limiting, stocking rate is too high and a reduction in the number of goats is probably in order. Buy hay “with your nose”, it should smell like a summer meadow, sweet and pleasant. Even the buck won't eat bermuda or oat hay unless it has lots of oats left in it. Oat grass is a common forage in the Western United States. Oat hay is a pretty good forage, but it can be high in nitrates, especially in drought years. It should be a shade of green (not golden and bleached) and have a variety of herbage in it. Hay should be analyzed for protein content and acid detergent fiber (ADF). Alfalfa/orchard mix hay which costs plenty but, only get at milking. The leaf-to-stem ratio is the most important criteria. Hay is another important source of goat nutrition, especially in winter seasons. I am planning to go to free choice pellets for the whole herd. Very coarse hay or forage is not readily digestible by goats, so they prefer not to eat them. Grass hay provides a moderate amount of protein and energy for the goat diet. Very coarse hay or forage is not readily digestible by goats, so they prefer not to eat them. Oat hay is a pretty good forage, but it can be high in nitrates, especially in drought years. Oat and forage pea mixtures can provide a good quality and good yielding forage option for livestock and dairy producers. Standlee Forage makes hay pellets with alfalfa, timothy, and oat grass. Even the buck won't eat bermuda or oat hay unless it has lots of oats left in it. Hay is the main source of nutrients for animals such as goats, especially in non-grazing seasons. just before it heads out (I think this is the same thing as when the milk is high?) It is important to know the best hay for your specific animals in order to ensure their … You can also feed it to your animal if you live in an area where you cannot let it free to browse for food by itself. then it makes very high quality hay. Feed your goats mold free qualified grasses based hay. Goats will ingest approximately 120% more energy from an alfalfa hay that they would from an oat style of hay. The best roughage has long coarse fibers such as cottonseed, soybean and oat hulls, any type of hay and fresh forage. The leafy fiber strands are longer than the ones produced by a grass hay. I can also buy oat hay in my area for about $60.00 a ton. Goats will ingest approximately 120% more energy from an alfalfa hay that they would from an oat style of hay. That year, we lost two bucks and a ram to urinary calculi--I'm sure due to the high protein content of that hay. JavaScript is disabled. Chaffing results in a fibrous flake approximately 2cm in width. Legume hay typically has the highest digestible energy, as the leaves do not change as the plant grows. Barley straw is generally considered to be the best as goats will be happy to eat it as well (although nutritional value of straw is low, it is good roughage). For fulfilling necessary minerals and vitamins demand, you can feed your goats corn, oats, sweet feed and goat ration. In this region, oats are dry-farmed for use as a cattle and horse feed. When I can’t find enough good quality green hay, I supplement my goats, sheep, and pigs with hay pellets. . Specializing in articles for the New Goat Owner with understanding of goat physiology, goat anatomy,goat care and herd management. Some people also recommend good quality alfalfa mix hay and m… You can buy all sorts of hay feeders etc to put your feed in. Many of the alternative feeds vary widely in nutrient content, making an analysis or some assessment of the feed value necessary. Do NOT ever feed wet or moldy hay or grain to goats. This varies depending on the maturity of the hay or alfalfa and the way that its cured and stored. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. A few months ago I wrote about the differences between baled hay, hay cubes, and hay pellets. grain is good for goats but only 1/2 cup to cup a day I think I was told, and none for males as well as alfalfa as is gives male goats stones they cannot pass and will die (anything high in calcium). My question is if it's ok for them to just have the whole oats as their feed and if so how much is enough for them. In nature, goats would have a hard time finding a mix of oats, corn, soybeans and sweet molasses. Goats require additional hay, which is roughage, for their rumen to function properly. If the nitrate levels are ok, I'd buy a bale or two and see if they eat it. Standlee Forage makes hay pellets with alfalfa, timothy, and oat grass. ADF is a laboratory analysis that measures the cellulose and lignin levels in plants, and lignin is not digestible, so an acid detergent fiber measure that is low - below 35% - is preferable for goats. It is also a good choice if you raise goats for milk since it has more calcium. Oat hay is high in fiber and the oats are already included in the feeding. Depending on how big your goats I would sort of measure it by that. Outdoor Hub, LLC (d/b/a Carbon Media Group), 3290 W. Big Beaver Rd. Goats on pasture should not need hay. The farmer down the road knows I have dairy goats,(his son has 2 wethers) and stoped my husband the other day and wanted to give him a bale to try on the goats. thanks for any info. If I can find it next year, I might just feed it myself. Next in value is wheat and oat straw. Wheat or oat straw (after the grain is harvested) makes very poor quality hay for small ruminants, and the awns can injure the animal’s mouth. We've always fed Sudan hay, goats will nearly always choose it over coastal. Orchard – This style of hay is lower in protein than alfalfa hay but boasts a higher percentage of fiber. 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